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Becoming a Canadian Citizen Through Marriage

    This article provides a detailed guide on the steps, requirements, and considerations for obtaining Canadian citizenship through marriage.


    Canada, with its diverse and welcoming society, is a desirable destination for those seeking a better life. If you’re married to a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident, you may be eligible for Canadian citizenship through marriage.

    Eligibility Criteria

    Before starting the process, you must meet certain eligibility criteria:

    1. Your spouse should be a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident.
    2. You should have lived in Canada for at least 1,095 days (three years) in the last five years.
    3. You should have filed your taxes for at least three years within the five-year period if required under the Income Tax Act.

    Obtaining Permanent Residency

    If you’re not already a permanent resident, you’ll need to apply for this status. Common pathways include Family Sponsorship (where your spouse sponsors your application) and Express Entry (where you apply independently based on your skills and qualifications and later include your spouse in the application).

    Physical Presence Requirement

    You must physically reside in Canada for at least 1,095 days in the last five years. These days do not need to be consecutive.


    You’ll need to gather essential documents such as proof of permanent residency, proof of meeting the physical presence requirement, language proficiency proof (usually in English or French), tax documents, marriage certificate or evidence of a genuine marriage, and police clearance certificates from all countries you have lived in for more than six months.

    Citizenship Test and Interview

    Applicants aged 18-54 must take a written test on Canadian history, values, institutions, and symbols. You may also be required to attend an interview to assess your language skills and verify the information in your application.

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    Application Submission

    Once you have all the required documents, you can submit your application. Ensure it’s complete and accurate, and pay the processing fee.

    Waiting for a Decision

    The processing of citizenship applications can take several months. During this time, Citizenship and Immigration Canada will review your application, conduct background checks, and verify your eligibility.

    Citizenship Ceremony

    If your application is approved, you’ll be invited to a citizenship ceremony where you’ll take the Oath of Citizenship and officially become a Canadian citizen.


    Obtaining Canadian citizenship through marriage is a significant step in your journey to becoming part of Canada’s diverse and inclusive society.

    It’s crucial to meet the eligibility requirements, gather all necessary documents, and diligently go through the application process.

    While this guide provides a general overview, it’s highly recommended to consult the official Citizenship and Immigration Canada website or seek legal advice for the most up-to-date and accurate information.

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